ベイカー寮221B/Baker House 221B

パペットホームズ、大河ドラマなどの好きなテレビ番組やラグビーについて書いています。アフィリエイトはやっていません。/Welcome to my blog. I write about some Japanese TV programmes including NHK puppetry and Taiga Drama, Sherlock Holmes and rugby. I don't do affiliate marketing.
ベイカー寮221B/Baker House 221B TOP  >  2018年11月

ŌKUMA Shigenobu

He was born as son of OKUMA Nobuyasu who served Saga domain. As his father was an upper-class samurai, he learned at Kōdōkan, school of the domain. However he opposed to the policy of the school and joined the group of royalists around 1855 and learned English on the following year.

In 1865, he established a school of English and was active in royalism. Before it, he tried to mediate between Chōshū domain and the Tokugawa shogunate but failed. In 1867, he left the domain with SOEJIMA Taneomi to advise TOKUGAWA Yoshinobu to return the government to the crown but they were arrested and forced to confine themselves in a house.

After the Meiji Restoration, he was recommended by KOMATSU Tatewaki and was appointed to a judge in Foreign Affairs Bureau. When Sir Harry Parkes criticised the Urakami Yoban Kuzure, the oppression of Christians especially Catholics in Nagasaki, he told him that it's an interference in internal affairs. However some say it influenced the plan of revising the treaties of the Iwakura Mission. He then became vice foreign prefectural governor and remarried Saegusa Ayako.

He later became a councilor and the Minister of the Ministry of the Treasury and promoted the policies of modernising Japan. He also supported Mitsubishi Steamship Company established by IWASAKI Yatarō. And then he insisted on establishing national assembly and party cabinet but later he resigned his position because of the opposition against those from Satsuma and Chōshū.

In 1882, he formed the Constitutional Progressive Party (Rikken Kaishin tō). And he also established Waseda University. In 1887, he received the title of count and was appointed to the Minister of Foreign Affairs. Then he attempted to revise treaties but the idea of introducing a foreign judge met with opposition. Then he was wounded in the right leg by a member of Gen-yō-sha, a political organisation and had the leg amputated. Then he resigned the position. In 1898, he formed the first party cabinet with ITAGAKI Taisuke and became the first Prime Minister from Hizen (Saga) but the cabinet was short-lived. 

In 1907 he retired from politics and became the president (chancellor) of Waseda University. Then he published may foreign books translated into Japanese and conducted cultural activities. In 1914, he returned to political world as PM and made a declaration of war against the Germanic Empire (*). In 1916, he retired from politics completely because of the scandal of ŌURA Kanetake, Minister of Foreign Affairs. He died of gallstone in 1922. 

It was FUKUZAWA Yukichi, establisher of Keiо Gujuku who encouraged him to establish a school also. Then he established Waseda University. On the other hand he reacted with NIIJIMA Jō (Joseph Hardy Neejima) and agreed with his idea of establishing Doshisha University in Kyoto. It is sais that he never visited Kyoto without giving a lecture. Between the two universities, student exchange programme exists now.

He also cooperated with NARUSE Jinzō who established Japan women's University to educate women.

Though he opposed SAIGŌ Takamori, he appreciated his human feelings.

In this series, he is described as one of the officials from Saga. He and ETŌ Shinpei who is from the same domain work well under SAIGŌ Takamori. However Shinpei resigns his position after the return of the Iwakura Mission, especially ŌKUBO Toshimichi while he remains behind and continues governing Japan. 

(*) At that time, Japan was allied with Britain (Anglo-Japanese Alliance).

The image shows Hiroyuki Onoue as Ōkuma Shigenobu
(From the official website of "Segodon")


[ 2018/11/30 23:45 ] Taiga Drama Sego-don | TB(-) | CM(0)







[ 2018/11/30 00:15 ] 大河ドラマ | TB(-) | CM(0)

The Historical Background of Sego-don 15

Fuhei Shizoku no Hanran
(The Rebellions by Former Samurais Who Are Dissatisfied with the Government)

Like ETŌ Shinpei in the 43rd episode, many former samurais who were hard to deal with the policies of the Government (*) started rebellions in the early years of Meiji (about 1870s). Such rebellions were raised not only in Saga but in Kumamoto, Fukuoka and Yamaguchi also but all of them were suppressed. The rebellion in Kumamoto is called "Shinpūren no ran" (Shinpūren Rebellion) and the one in Fukuoka is called "Akizuki no ran" (Akizuki rebellion). The one occurred in Yamaguchi is called "Hagi no ran" (Hagi rebellion).  

Etō Shinpei starts a rebellion against the government at last

And the Satsuma Rebellion. It is the last civil war in Japanese history and a Hollywood film "The Last Samurai" is said to be based on it. In the episode previously mentioned, ŌKUBO Toshimichi worries about the suspicious movements in Western Japan and then many spies are sent. And KAWAJI Toshiyoshi who established modern police system includes Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department is Toshimichi's right hand and he is from Satsuma also. In a sense, the Satsuma Rebellion was the confrontation between some men from Satsuma and shared their dream in their younger days.

Kawaji Toshiyoshi (left) reports the situation in Western Japan to Ōkubo Toshimichi

(*) At that time, many samurais became poor and lost status privilege because of the policies of the government. They were inspired by ETŌ Shinpei, SAIGŌ Takamori, ITAGAKI Taisuke and GOTŌ Shōjirō who resigned their positions in the government and started rebellions.

The images are from the official website of "Segodon".

[ 2018/11/29 23:30 ] Taiga Drama Sego-don | TB(-) | CM(0)

Rugby in Japan 2

Japanese national team played against New Zealand (All Blacks) at Ajinomoto Stadium in Tokyo on the 3rd of November. Then they flew to Britain and played against England. Though the team were beaten, Japanese internationals said that it was an honour to have a match (test*) against England at Twickenham. Japanese international Akihito Yamada says in his tweet, "the play was priceless".

The match of England (dark blue) and Japan (red and white) at Twickenham

A ball called "Sirius" used in the match

And then they played a match with Russia. Though Japan were confused with the kicks of Russian players in the first half, they gained tries and at last they won a come-from-behind victory. In the World cup held in Japan next year, Japan will meet Russia in the opening match.

(*) Like cricket, international match is called test in rugby. It equivalents A match in soccer.

The images are from the official website of Japan Rugby Football Union.

[ 2018/11/29 00:00 ] Others | TB(-) | CM(0)

2018年11月のウィンドウマンスその3 辛勝のロシア戦そして2019年のサンウルブズ


ほろ苦い勝利を来年の歓喜につなげたい 日本 vs. ロシア レビュー




イタリア 3-66 ニュージーランド
スコットランド 14-9 アルゼンチン
イングランド 37-18 オーストラリア
ウェールズ 20-11 南アフリカ
アイルランド 57-14 アメリカ
フランス 14-21 フィジー





[ 2018/11/28 23:45 ] ラグビー | TB(-) | CM(0)

Sego-don Episode 44 Shizoku tachi no Hanran (Former Samurais Start a War against the Government)

Takamori returns to Kagoshima and enjoys living quietly and comfortably. He sometimes hunts hare or pheasant and makes a Chinese poem that pours out his heart. Ito who cannot interpret the words but understands what her husband wants to say. However, former samurais of Satsuma domain who served the government follow him and return to Kagoshima. Kohei who is told by Jūdō to stop them is among them. Takamori scolds them to return to Tokyo and serve the government again. But they tell him that they cannot serve the government controlled by ŌKUBO Toshimichi. So they ask him to go to Tokyo again and reorganise the government though Takamori refuses it.

Many former samurais (shizoku) includes Kirino Toshiaki (Takurō Ōno, far right) visit Takamori frequently

At the prefectural office of Kagoshima, ŌYAMA Tsunayoshi worries about the return of former samurais but KAIEDA Takeji says,
"I can picture how Ichizō (Toshimichi) is confused by it" in a pleasant manner.
However, the number of them who resigned their positions in the Imperial Guards, army and the police reach 600 and there are no employments for them in Kagoshima. If they become to be dissatisfied with the government, there will be a possibility of a riot in the near future. And some of them visit Takamori almost everyday and it makes him stay away from his house. They who are irritated with it tell Kohei and Kumakichi to tell him not to escape from them. But Ito tells them that it's not Takamori who retired but them who should go into action and it makes them embarassed and leave there.

Ōyama Tsunayoshi (Yukiya Kitamura) worries about the increase of former samurais who return to Kagoshima

In Tokyo, MURATA Shinpachi and KAWAJI Toshiyoshi who return from Europe visit the Ministry of Home Affairs with the guidance of Jūdō who asks them not to return to Kagoshima and utilise what they learned in Europe. Then they meet Toshimichi who is the head of the ministry and orders them to reorganise the police. Shinpachi asks him why Takamori resigned his position but he tells them that he said he fulfilled his duty and that's all. Though they are not satisfied with his words, Toshiyoshi accepts it and says,
"I will devote myself to the police regardless of my personal feeling, sir".
At that moment, one of the clerks informs Toshimichi that IWAKURA Tomomi was attacked by the former samurais of Tosa. ITŌ Hirobumi points out that ETŌ Shinpei is going to start a riot. And KIDO Takayoshi says there is a possibility that some regions in Western Japan includes Kadoshima will attack the government. But Toshimichi declares it is unlikely that Takamori will attack them.

Saigō Jūdō (Ryō Nishikido) asks Murata Shinpachi and Kawaji Toshiyoshi not to return to Kagoshima 

Around the same time, Takamori visits a hot spring for health with Kumakichi. Kumakichi tells him that Ito sent Toshiaki and his fellows back. Takamori hopes all of them will return to Tokyo and be reinstated in their former positions but it seems to be hard. Then Kumakichi says that his master always thinks about it even while taking a bath. Takamori hopes to end his life as a farmer and see the country established by Toshimichi before it. But some of  the former samurais in Kagoshima turn riotous and throw stones to the house of Toshimichi where his wife Masu and their children live. Each stone is wrapped by paper on which the words that blame him are written. Takamori who learns it apologises Masu that he didn't pay attention to her surroundings. She says that her husband wrote to her to live with him in Tokyo but she has to tend the graves of the Ōkubo family and hesitates to go to Tokyo as Toshimichi has a concubine. But she departs for Tokyo with the children soon after.

Ōkubo Masu (Rie Mimura) decides to go to Tokyo to live with her husband at last

At last Shinpei attacked the Saga Castle with 6000 soldiers and the news is informed to Kagoshima. Takamori worries some of former samurais join them and one night he hears someone knocks at the gate of his house. He sees Shinpei and his comrades who are pursued by the government army there. He proposes to Takamori that he should take up arms and regain the government together. But Takamori refuses it and he tries to think how he should support the government from Kagoshima.
"SAIGŌ Takamori disappointed me,"
says Shinpei and he and other soldiers continue to escape. After that he is arrested and Toshimichi orders to execute him without decent trial and displayed his severed head. Takayoshi criticises Toshimichi in this respect but Toshimichi says calmly,
"Such a thing should not be repeated. Mr. Etō did his last duty by showing a bad example for others by himself".

 Etō Shinpei (Takaya Sakoda, right) asks Takamori (Ryōhei Suzuki) to help him but is refused

When Toshimichi returns home, he is surprised that O-Yū goes out of the house for Masu and the children. Masu expresses her thanks to her and they talk about how they live from now on. And the children are frolicking and try to take off their father's shoes. Masu sees her family in such a relaxed mood for the first time in a while. And a newspaper splashes the story of the riot Shinpei set off. Though the execution is a warning to others, it makes the former samurais in Kagoshima become so radical. Takamori plans to establish a school to stop them. He visits the prefectural office to see Tsunayoshi and asks him to assist it through the use of public funds. He then sees Shinpachi there. He tells Takamori that he indeed Europe grew and flourish, but it had dark parts also (*). He couldn't agree with Toshimichi on that point and that's why he return to Kagoshima.

Kido Takayoshi (Tetsuji Tamayama) criticises Toshimichi for executing Shinpei without decent trial

Shinpachi visits the Saigō familuy. He plays the band neon and sings to the music and also talks about opera. Then Toshiaki and BEPPU Shinsuke appear and ask Takamori to change the government. Takamori tells them the goverment will be improved by Ichizō but Toshiaki insists he cannot permit Toshimichi who executed Shinpei. Takamori advises him not to be
negative and he and his fellows should lead youths. Shinpachi also persuades him and Toshiaki leaves. In July of the same year,  a school called Shigakkō is established. It's for former samurais and they study strategy, Chinese classics and foreign language there. At that time, ICHIKI Sōsuke and Kikujirō return to Kagoshima from the US.

Murata Shinpachi (Arata Horii) visits Takamori and plays the band neon

But Toshiaki doesn't appear there even though he can instruct swordsmanship at the school and is paid in return for it. Tsunayoshi is dissatisfied with it but around that moment, a strange man who is in singularly dressed appears at Shigakkō and cross swords with some pupils and at last he cuts a gun into two halves. He shouts that a sword is the best weapon because it needs neither cannon balls not bullets. It's Toshiaki himself (**). And in Tokyo, Toshiyoshi who becomes a policeman tells Toshimichi about the former samurais in Western Japan who attempts to attack the government. He also tells Toshimichi about Shigakkō. Toshimichi tells him to send more spies to there and then he left the room. Then he looks upwards and says,
"Kichinosuke is the man as I would expect".
The school triggers the Satsuma rebellion later.    

Ōkubo Toshimichi (Eita) plans to send more spies to Western Japan

(*) Probably it means economic disparity caused by the transition to capitalism.
(**) Before it, he hears some men speak ill of him and it may be the reason why he behaves so and decides to work at Shigakkō.

The images are from the official website of "Segodon".

[ 2018/11/28 07:00 ] Taiga Drama Sego-don | TB(-) | CM(0)





[ 2018/11/28 01:15 ] 大河ドラマ 西郷どん | TB(-) | CM(0)


















[ 2018/11/27 08:00 ] 大河ドラマ 西郷どん | TB(-) | CM(0)







[ 2018/11/26 22:45 ] その他 | TB(-) | CM(0)

The Cast, the Events and the Programmes

There are many events and programmes regarding Taiga Drama Series every year. On the 3rd of November, the leading actors of "Segodon" (Ryōhei Suzuki, Eita, Kōkichi Tanoue) visited Kagoshima and joined "Ohara Matsuri" (Ohara Festival) held annually in Kagoshima City. The citizens gave them a rousing welcome. Both Suzuki and Eita were invited to a talk show. On the other hand, Takaya Sakoda who acts ETŌ Shinpei was invited to a talk show in Saga.

Ryōhei Suzuki (right) and Eita at a talk show in Kagoshima on the 4th of November, 2018

And the cast of Taiga Drama Series often appear in some programmes produced and broadcast by NHK. The image below is Haru Kuroki who appears in "Doyō Studio Park" on the 17th of November 2018. It is a variety show broadcast on Saturdays. She who acts Ito in the series holds "Dōmo-kun", one of the mascots of NHK who disguises himself as Sego-don.

Haru Kuroki appears in a variety show on the 17th of November, 2018
The images are from the instagram of "Segodon".

[ 2018/11/26 00:30 ] Taiga Drama Sego-don | TB(-) | CM(0)