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ベイカー寮221B/Baker House 221B

パペットホームズ、大河ドラマなどの好きなテレビ番組やラグビーについて書いています。アフィリエイトはやっていません。/Welcome to my blog. I write about some Japanese TV programmes including NHK puppetry and Taiga Drama, Sherlock Holmes and rugby. I don't do affiliate marketing.
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To the Readers of My Posts on Taiga Drama in English

Women's Fashion in the 16th Century Japan

Uchikake

Uchikake is a kind of overgarment worn by high-ranking women and it is worn by a bride in Japanse style wedding today. Especially it means a long kosode and was worn over ordinary kosode. It was worn as everyday clothes as well as formal clothes. In "Fyūrin Kazan", Sanjō Fujin (Chizuru Ikewaki), wife of TAKEDA Harunobu (Shingen) usually wears uchikake.

風林火山三条夫人打掛(部分)

And Yu-u hime (Miyuki Shibamoto), concubine of Harunobu wears a pink uchikake in Ozaka Kannon-in where she lives.
風林火山由布姫打掛

Momo hime (Naomi Nishida), elder sister of NAGAO Kagetora (later UESUGI Kenshin) wears a dark blue uchikake.
風林火山桃姫打掛2 

In "Sanada Maru", Nei (Kyōka Suzuki, centre), Chacha (Yūko Takeuchi, left) and Acha no Tsubone (Yuki Saitō) gather and talk over sweets. All of them wear uchikake.

真田丸女性たちの打掛

II Naotora (Kō Shibasaki), main character of "Onna Joshu Naotora" wears a patchworked uchikake though this type was not popular in her younger days in actual fact.

おんな城主直虎城主直虎(12)

And in Edo period, uchikake was still worn by noblewomen. In "Segodon", Atsu hime (Keiko Kitagawa, right) wears a cream-coloured uchikake and talks with her husband Tokugawa Iesada. 
西郷どん15家定と篤姫

In "Sanada Maru", Kaoru (Atsuko Takahata), wife of Sanada Masayuki wears hitoe, unlined kimono over the kosode and wears a kouchigi over it. This is the style of an aristocrat woman and she served an aristocrat family before her marriage. The sleeves openings are bigger that those of a uchikake.

真田丸薫小袿2

And in "Taiheiki", Tōko (Yasuko Sawaguchi, right), wife of Ashikaga Takauji wears a uchigi over the hitoe. The series is set in the 14th century and at that time uchigi was popular among high-ranking women. Like kouchigi, the sleeve openings are big.

太平記尊氏と登子袿

In "Onna Joshu Naotora", O-Towa (former Naotora) who becomes a farmer visits TOKUGAWA Ieyasu with her uchikake and wears it over kosode when she arrives at his castle. But it's probably impossible. A woman who usually wears uchikake uses a palanquin when she goes somewhere. And though having been a ruler, she then becomes a farmer so I doubt whether she can meet Ieyasu face to face or not.

The images are from the DVD series of "Furin Kazan", "Sanada Maru" and "Taiheiki" and the official websites of "Onna Joshu Naotora" and "Segodon".

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[ 2018/07/22 00:00 ] Taiga Drama | TB(-) | CM(0)

To the Readers of My Posts on Taiga Drama in English

Women's Fashion in the 16th Century Japan

Kosode

Kosode means short sleeved kimono with small sleeve openings. It is the original of present kimono. In ancient Japan, it was worn by aristocrats as underwear but common people wore it as everyday clothes. Both men and women wore kosode but especially common women wore kosode and obi (sash) around Heian period.

In "Fūrin Kazan", Nami (Fusako Urabe, second from the right) wears a deep pink kosode and pale gray yumaki, a kind of wrapping skirt or apron. She fills the cup of Yamamoto Kansuke (Seiyō Uchino, far keft) before his execution though he escapes from it.

風林火山浪小袖

Ritsu (Aki Maeda, right), daughter of HARA Toratane and Kansuke. She wears a pale orange kosode and He wears a pale gray one. He wears dark gray sodenashi baori (sleeveless haori) over his kosode.

風林火山リツ小袖

Chacha (Yūko Takeuchi) in "Sanada Maru" wears a gorgeous kosode. The obi is narrower than current one.
真田丸茶々小袖

Kiri (Masami Nagasawa) wears a red cloth kosode. This is the uniform for the maids who serves Nei, Kita no Mandokoro in the series.

真田丸きりお仕着せ

In "Onna Joshu Naotora", O-Towa (Kō Shibasaki, right) and Natsu (Sayaka Yamaguchi) wear kosode that are thought be the ones for aged women.

直虎40おとわとなつ

In Edo period, women became to use wide obi and they tuck up the skirt of kimono. Besides they became to do up their hair. Ito (Haru Kuroki) who does up her hair wears a pale blue kosode in "Sego-don".

西郷どん糸小袖

The images are from the DVD series of "Fūrin Kazan" and "Sanada Maru", the official websites of "Onna Joshu Naotora" and "Segodon".

[ 2018/07/20 23:45 ] Taiga Drama | TB(-) | CM(0)

To the Readers of My Posts on Taiga Drama in English

Men's Fashion in the 16th Century Japan

7.Kabuto

Today I write about the helmets in the 16th century Japan. Like other countries, helmet was essential to the battles or wars in Japan. Helmet worn in the wars is called "kabuto" in Japanese.

Around the 11th century, samurai in northern Japan wore round kabuto. In "Homura Tatsu", Abe no Sadatō (Takehiro Murata, right), son of Abe no Yoritoki who has a power in northern Japan wears a round kabuto (*) and fur. He talks with Fujiwara no Tsunekiyo (Ken Watanabe).

炎立つ4貞任と経清ー兜

In Kamakura period, the crest and fukigaeshi, wing-like projections of both sides became larger and more gorgeous. Ashikaga Takauji (Hiroyuki Sanada) in "Taiheiki" wears the typical kabuto in the 14th century, medieval days in Japan.

太平記尊氏甲冑姿-兜

At the end of the 15th century, so-called Sengoku period began. In the age of civil wars, many samurais made armours including kabutos suit to their tastes. Obu Toramasa (Akio Kaneda) in "Furin Kazan" wears red armour.

風林火山飯富虎昌兜

Baba Nobuharu (Kazuya Takahashi) wears a kabuto with a metallic crest and jinbaori. Jinbaori was a sleeveless haori and used against the coldness in battlefield.

風林火山馬場信春兜

Usami Sadamitsu (Ken Ogata), one of the vassals of the Uesugi Kenshin or Masatora also wears a kabuto with a metal crest. The flag behind him is one of the standards of Kenshin.

風林火山宇佐美定満兜
 
Yamamoto Kansuke (Seiyō Uchino), main character of "Fūrin Kazan" wears a dark kabuto with a crest in the shape of "yama" in Chinese letters. "Yama" is after his family name Yamamoto. And he wears black robe that is alike to shawl instead of jinbaori.  It is a kind of clerical garment because he is an ostensible priest.

風林火山山本勘助兜

Takeda Shingen (ICHIKAWA Kamejirō) wears "Suwa Hosshō kabuto" that is like mane. He wears red shawl instead of jinbaori as he is an ostensible also.

風林火山諏訪法性兜

Murakami Yoshikiko (Toshiyuki Nagashima) wears a kabuto with a crescent-shaped crest. Date Masamune or Yamanaka Shikanosuke, vassal of the Amago clan also wore the kabutos with this kind of crest.

風林火山村上義清兜

The crest of the kabuto of Sanada Yukitaka (Kuranosuke Sasaki) is six coins, family crest of his clan.

風林火山真田幸隆兜

And Masato Sakai who plays the role of Sanada Yukimura, grandson of Yukitaka in "Sanada Maru" wears red armour. Like his grandfather's, the crest of his kabuto is six coins and is decorated with antlers.

真田幸村赤備えの兜

(*) The round kabuto was regarded as old-fashioned or rustic one at that time.

The images are form the DVD series of "Homura Tatsu", "Taiheiki", "Fūrin Kazan" and "Sanada Maru".

(Revised on the 21st of July 2018)

[ 2018/07/20 00:15 ] Taiga Drama | TB(-) | CM(0)

To the Readers of My Posts on Taiga Drama in English

Men's Fashion in the 16th Century Japan

6. Armour and battlefield

<Yoroi> (Japanese armour)

As there were many battled in the 16th century Japan, samurais had many opportunities to wear armours. Many of them wore traditional ones but some of them favoured the armours  influenced by those of western countries as time passed.

風林火山手紙を読む晴信と板垣10
Takeda Harunobu (right) and his vassal Itagaki Nobukata in "Furin Kazan"


おんな城主直虎桶狭間直盛
Ii Naomori in "Onna Joshu Naotora"

真田丸北条氏直甲冑
Armour of Hojo Ujinao designed with a western influence in "Sanada Maru"

真田丸氏政の兜2
Western style helmet (Kabuto) of Hojo Ujimasa, father of Ujinao

<Horo> 

Some samurais were appointed to HORO MUSHA in battles. They usually were messengers and packs a protector to prevent them from receiving arrows. In ancient times, they wore cloth but later it changed into a protector covered with yellow or red cloth.The protector resembled a big basket.

Not only horo, messengers of some clans carried flags like "Mukade shu" of the Takeda clan. Those who could carry them are elites who were selected from the sons of senior vassals.

真田丸信繁の黄幌
Sanada Nobushige as horo musha in the Siege of Odawara in 1590 (Sanada Maru)

風林火山百足衆(15)
Mukade shu, the messengers carry the flags with the design of centipede

<Headquarters and bases>

Headquarters or bases were surrounded by the tents with family crest. General or commander had a war council in them. They sat on shogi, a kind of collapsible stool and a table was consisted of shields and shogis. And the flags are raised as in the image.

風林火山武田陣(27)
The headquarter of Takeda Harunobu in "Furin Kazan"

In war council, go stones are used to position a battle array.

風林火山碁石攻略
From "Furin Kazan"
 
<Weapons>
 
In many battles, main weapons were spears, arrow and bows and swords. But from the middle 16th century, matchlocks became to be used.

風林火山鉄砲の教授
Kansuke and Denbei are instructed how to use matchlock from Tsuda Kenmotsu in "Furin Kazan"

During the winter campaign of the Siege of Osaka, TOKUGAWA Ieyasu used a field culverin to threat Chacha (Lady Yodo), mother of TOYOTOMI Hideyori. This is said to have been imported from England.

真田丸カルバリン砲
Field culverin of Tokugawa Ieyasu in "Sanada Maru"

To tell the truth, cannons were not so much used in the Sengoku period. This is one of the few examples that a cannon overwhelmed the enemy in Japan at that time.

The images are the official website of "Onna Joshu Naotora", the DVD series and the video of "Sanada Maru" and "Furin Kazan".

[ 2017/12/25 23:45 ] Taiga Drama | TB(-) | CM(0)

To the readers of my posts on Taiga Drama in English

The title is changed from "To those who read the post on Taiga Drama in English".

I plan to write the posts about the armour in the 16th century Japan and  New Year Jidaigeki "Fu-unji tachi ~Rangaku Kakumei Hen(Revolutie)~" until the end of 2017 in addition to "Onna Joshu Naotora", "Furin Kazan" and "Sanada Maru". And I will begin writing about both "Taiheiki" and "Homura Tatsu" I mention in this post from next January.

Though the official website of "Fu-unji tachi ~Rangaku Kakumei Hen(Revolutie)~" is completed, it is in Japanese only. Then I plan to introduce the summary and the cast.

https://www.nhk.or.jp/jidaigeki/fuuunjitachi/
(NHK ONLINE)

[ 2017/12/11 00:15 ] Taiga Drama | TB(-) | CM(0)
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aK

Author:aK
まず、一部の記事関連でレイアウトが崩れるようですので修復していますが、何かおかしな点があれば指摘していただけると幸いです。それから当ブログでは、相互リンクは受け付けておりませんので悪しからずご了承ください。

『西郷どん』復習の投稿をアップしている一方で、『青天を衝け』の感想も書いています。またBSで再放送中の『黄金の日日』の再放送も観ています。そしてパペットホームズの続編ですが、これは是非とも来年の大河が始まる前に、三谷氏にお願いしたいところです。

他にも国内外の文化や歴史、『相棒』をはじめとする刑事ドラマについても、時々思い出したように書いています。ラグビー関連も週1またはそれ以上でアップしています。2019年、日本でのワールドカップで代表は見事ベスト8に進出し、2021年には北半球最強であるブリティッシュ&アイリッシュ・ライオンズとの試合も組まれています。このチームにいい試合をし、今後さらに上を目指してほしいものです。国内のラグビーも、2022年からはいよいよ新リーグがスタートです。

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