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ベイカー寮221B/Baker House 221B

パペットホームズ、大河ドラマなどの好きなテレビ番組やラグビーについて書いています。アフィリエイトはやっていません。/Welcome to my blog. I write about some Japanese TV programmes including NHK puppetry and Taiga Drama, Sherlock Holmes and rugby. I don't do affiliate marketing.
ベイカー寮221B/Baker House 221B TOP  >  Japanese_history

The Sengoku period 3

Especially in Taiga Drama series, so-called "San Eiketsu" (The Three Heroes), ODA Nobunaga , TOYOTOMI Hideyoshi and TOKUGAWA Ieyasu often appear in the ones set in the Sengoku period. However, none of them appear in a series called "Mōri Motonari" broadcast in 1997. The daimyo is known as a ruler of Chūgoku region who conquered neighbouring provinces by planning a stratagem but had no connection with San Eiketsu. It is a rare case but exciting.

毛利元就
NAKAMURA Hashinosuke (NAKAMURA ShikanVIII) as Mōri Motonari
(From the quidebook of the series)

In the series, NAKAMURA Hashinosuke (present NAKAMURA Shikan) plays the role of Motonari and needless to say, the lesson of the Three arrows is described. In the series, Motonari, who is born as second son of Mōri Hiromoto who rules a manor of Aki, western part of present Hiroshima. Motonari loses his parents in his childhood and is brought up by his father's second wife. As his elder brother Okimoto dies young, he takes over as the head of the family and strengthens his clan though he loses his heir Takamoto. He dies in the final episode. As for the Mōri clan, his grandson Terumoto (son of Takamoto) became the lord of the region but the territory was reduced because of the defeat at the Battle of Sekigahara. The Mōri clan made a comeback at the end of the Tokugawa shogunate.

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[ 2020/07/17 00:00 ] Others | TB(-) | CM(0)

The Sengoku period 2

It is considered that the origin of the Sengoku period was a coup d'ētat in 1493 called "Meiō no Seihen". In the year, HOSOKAWA Masamoto, a daimyo who ruled several provinces and took on an important role behind the scene. He opposed HINO Tomiko, wife of ASHIKAGA Yoshimasa who was the 8th shogun of the Muromachi Bakufu (Ashikaga shogunate) and recommended her nephew ASHIKAGA Yoshitane as next shogun. However, Masamoto recommended ASHIKAGA Yoshizumi, cousin of the 9th shogun Yoshihisa who was a son between Yoshimasa and Tomiko. But he died during suppressing the rebellion of the ROKKAKU clan. Finally Tomiko, Yoshitane and his father Yoshimi came into collision with Masamoto and ISE Sadamune who served the Bakufu as steward of the office of administration. The collision caused military uprising not only in Kinki region, the region near Kyoto but the whole country also.

風林火山今川義元
Shōsuke Tanihara as IMAGAWA Yoshimoto in "Fūrin Kazan". Yoshimoto ruled Suruga and Tōtomi, present Shizuoka and Mikawa, easter part of present Aichi. The Imagawa clan was a branch family of the Ashikaga clan.

But it didn't bring an end to the Bakufu. Though the collision of Tomiko and Masamoto split the line of the succession of shogun into two like that of the Imperial line in the 14th century, the shogunate survived the troubled times. The shoguns tried to mediate between the warring provinces but were often exploited by some daimyos. Until the middle of the Muromachi period, daimyos were called "shugo daimyo" but became  "Sengoku daimyo" later. They uniquely ruled the provinces they conquered ignoring the regulation of the Bakufu. Some of them donated money to the Imperial Court and were granted official titles in return and the authority of the Emperor was restored under such circumstances. 

[ 2020/06/25 23:30 ] Others | TB(-) | CM(0)

Ichijō-dani Ruled by the Asakura Clan

"Bura Tamori" is an NHK programme in which Tamori, a TV personality and a female announcer of the station walk around a city or tourist spot in Japan. They usually tour the site with historians, geographers, geologists or museum curators. "Bura" means strolling or walking around in this case. In the episode broadcast on the 20th of June, they (Tamori and Risa Hayashida) tour Ichijō-dani in Fukui prefecture. The area was formerly ruled by the Asakura clan and AKECHI Mitsuhide is said to have lived there. It's the rebroadcast of the one put on the air in February 2019 because going on location was prohibited until mid-June to prevent the spread of COVID-19. But the clan was destroyed by ODA Nobunaga whom Mitsuhide became to serve later. Many people lived there were forced to move to Fukui, current capital of the prefecture.   

一乗谷朝倉館跡
The remains of the residence where the Asakura clan people lived
(Wikimedia Commons)

In "Kirin ga Kuru", Mitsuhide who lives Ichijō-dani teaches children Four Books and Five Classics at Shōnenji Temple. But I doubt it because the children especially those of samurais were educated at Zen temples at that time and Shōnenji is a Jishu sect temple. Anyway, Ichijō-dani had the advantage of the land especially that of Kuzuryū River and Sea of Japan and created prosperity in the 16th century but was burned by Nobunaga's army. After that the area was brought under cultivation. However, many goods and tools including tea things were buried deep in the ground thanks to the cultivation and the state of the preservation was rather good when the remains were excavated. And now many of them are designated as cultural prosperity.  

[ 2020/06/21 00:15 ] Others | TB(-) | CM(0)

The Sengoku period 1

What is Sengoku period? In general, it means the second half of the Muromachi period (1336 or 1338 - 1573) and at that time, many daimyos had private battles to occupy their enemies' territories. It is said that some powerful daimyos deterred shoguns from voting on issue and sometimes made them from Kyoto where the Muromachi Bakufu was established. And many samurais tried to succeed in their lives by distinguishing themselves in many battles. On the other hand, weak daimyos were forced to fall. 

真田丸49幸村
Masato Sakai as SANADA Nobushige (Yukimura) in "Sanada Maru". He fights against the army of TOKUGAWA Ieyasu in the Siege of Osaka (1614 and 1615) and some say the war brought the Sengoku period to an end in a real sense.

In such troublesome time, many people were said to hope the coming of peace as described in this year's Taiga Drama series "Kirin ga Kuru". However, Kōki Mitani, a famous playwright in Japan once said that there were no concept of peace and no idea that somebody will unify Japan someday and "Sanada Maru", the series he writes is based on such idea. I agree with him on this point. Needless to say, there are various views on the period but I think many people in the period managed to survive from day to day and maybe they could not afford to think about "Kirin" (Qilin). To be honest, I don't accept the concept of this year's one. 

[ 2020/06/18 00:00 ] Others | TB(-) | CM(0)

Wife and Concubine

In the 21st episode of "Kirin ga Kuru", Nobunaga apoligises to his wife Kichō for having a son Kimyō Maru (later ODA Nobutada) between his concubine (sokushitsu) called Kitsuno secretly. But I think it's strange because having concubine(s) was COMMON among the samurais at that time especially those who were high in status.They are required to have many children to strengthen their families or clans. In this case, not the concubines but their wives brought up the children instead of their real mothers. Concubines were usually waiting maids but Kitsuno was a widow of a samurai and was so beloved by Nobunaga. Some say that her former husband was not dead but AKECHI Hidemitsu, cousin of Mitsuhide. She gave birth to three children and died in 1566.
麒麟奇妙丸
Kichō (Haruna Kawaguchi, far right) sees Kimyō Maru (the second from the left) and says "Who is this baby?"
 (From the video of the episode 21)

There is another strange point in the series. A wife of shogun, daimyo or their senior vassals was required to give birth to children and take care of family matters besides. But in the series, Kichō seems to take part in her husband's business and occasionally stay away from the castle where she lives. If she had devoted herself to control the family matters, she would have known the birth of Kimyō Maru earlier and also learned her husband had a concubine. And if Shunsaku Ikehata, the scenario writer hoped to describe Kichō as an active wife of Nobunaga, Erika Sawajiri should have played the role as scheduled but she was arrested for possessing illegal medicines.

風林火山35三条夫人と由布姫
In the 35th episode of "Fūrin Kazan", Sanjō Fujin (Chizuru Ikewaki, left) meets Yū hime (Miyuki Shibamoto, centre) when she visits Harunobu
(From the DVD series of "Fūrin Kazan")

Needless to say, wife and concubine don't get along together often. In "Furin Kazan", Sanjō Fujin, wife of TAKEDA Harunobu (Shingen) meets his concubine Yū hime who is shocked at O-Goto hime, another concubine of Harunobu and persuades her what she should do to deal with the new rival. Recently male main characters of Taiga Drama series are usually single or have no concubine though they are married. However, I don't always agree with producing historical dramas in such way. From the 14th of June, special programmes on the series set in the Sengoku period will be broadcast for a while because "Kirin ga Kuru" is forced to stop shooting because of the spread of COVID-19. Some of them, especially "Dokuganryū Masamune " and "Kuni-tori Monogatari" are the series that are relatively authentic (more authentic than this year's one) so I want to enjoy them.
 
[ 2020/06/10 23:15 ] Taiga Drama | TB(-) | CM(0)
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aK

Author:aK
まず、一部の記事関連でレイアウトが崩れるようですので修復していますが、何かおかしな点があれば指摘していただけると幸いです。それから当ブログでは、相互リンクは受け付けておりませんので悪しからずご了承ください。

『西郷どん』復習の投稿をアップしている一方で、『青天を衝け』の感想も書いています。またBSで再放送中の『黄金の日日』の再放送も観ています。そしてパペットホームズの続編ですが、これは是非とも来年の大河が始まる前に、三谷氏にお願いしたいところです。

他にも国内外の文化や歴史、『相棒』をはじめとする刑事ドラマについても、時々思い出したように書いています。ラグビー関連も週1またはそれ以上でアップしています。2019年、日本でのワールドカップで代表は見事ベスト8に進出し、2021年には北半球最強であるブリティッシュ&アイリッシュ・ライオンズとの試合も組まれています。このチームにいい試合をし、今後さらに上を目指してほしいものです。国内のラグビーも、2022年からはいよいよ新リーグがスタートです。

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