fc2ブログ

ベイカー寮221B/Baker House 221B

パペットホームズ、大河ドラマなどの好きなテレビ番組やラグビーについて書いています。アフィリエイトはやっていません。/Welcome to my blog. I write about some Japanese TV programmes including NHK puppetry and Taiga Drama, Sherlock Holmes and rugby. I don't do affiliate marketing.
ベイカー寮221B/Baker House 221B TOP  >  Japanese_Culture

To the Readers of My Posts on Taiga Drama in English 5 (Hime and Princess)

It seems that some articles or movies on Taiga Drama series translate "hime" into "princess". It's true that the word "hime" sometimes means princess, a female member of the Royal family especially in the Japanese translation of Western fairy tales. However, "hime" also means a daughter or a concubine of high-ranking samurai including shōgun or daimyo. In this case, it is close to noblewoman or lady in meaning and is sometimes used with the name such as "Yu-u hime" or "O-Goto hime" in "Fūrin Kazan". In this blog, princess means female members of the Imperial family except empress or empress dowager or a daughter of highest -ranking aristocrat but doesn't mean a daughter or a concubine of samurai. 

風林火山於琴姫縮小版
Mahiru Konno as O-Goto hime, concubine of 
TAKEDA Shingen in "Fūrin Kazan"

スポンサーサイト



[ 2019/07/01 00:15 ] Taiga Drama | TB(-) | CM(0)

Reiwa Has Begun

Yesterday Emperor Akihito abdicated and "Reiwa", the reign of Emperor Naruhito begins today. It's the first time in the last 200 years that new emperor doesn't ascend to the throne because of the death of former emperor but because he transferred the throne. It was Emperor Kōkaku who abdicated the throne 200 years ago and the present Imperial lineage is from him.  

 


[ 2019/05/01 23:30 ] Others | TB(-) | CM(0)

Gengō

On the 1st of April,  a new era name (gengō) was announced. No, it's not April fool. The new one is "Reiwa" and will be used during the reign of next emperor. The new name derives from Man'yōshū, an anthology of the poems by the Imperial family, aristocrats, public officials and common people.

The first gengō in Japan is Taika in the 7th century. In former times, gengō was often changed because of a natural disaster or a civil war. Until the end of the Tokugawa shgunate, the emperor could change gengō any number of times for the above reason. But in Meiji period the system of "each emperor one era system" was established and it was legislated. Japan is the only country that uses gengō at present though it was widely used in East Asian countries  until the 20th century.

植物-八重桜-2
[ 2019/04/02 23:45 ] Others | TB(-) | CM(0)

Hanami

Hanami means viewing flowers, especially viewing cherry blossoms. When cherry blossoms begin blooming from March to April (or May in northern Japan), people go to the parks, castles, shrines, temples, mountains and so on to view them. For Many Japanese, it's an annual event. Some people enjoy drinking and eating while viewing them.

植物-桜1 

In Japan, Yoshino cherry (Someiーyoshino, Prenus yedoensis) is very popular. It is said that a gardener in Edo invented it in the 19th century. But there are various kinds of cherry blossoms in Japan such as Kanzan, a kind of yae-zakura that means double-flowered cherry. The plant became popular in Heian period (from the 8th century to the 12th century) and is really beloved by the Japanese. Those who enjoy hanami also admire the beauty of other flowers bloom in spring.  

植物-八重桜 

By the way, Japanse national flower is not Yoshino cherry but Yamazakura (Mountain cherry, Cerusus jamasakura) whose flower colour is paler than that of Somei-yoshino and the leaves come out before the blossoms fall.
 
[ 2019/03/30 22:45 ] Others | TB(-) | CM(0)

Hinamatsuri

Hinamatsuri is the third of March and is also called Doll's Day, Girls' Day or Doll's Festival. On the day the Japanese celebrate the growth of girls. It's one of the go-sekku, five annual ceremonies in Japan that was introduced in former times to Japan from China.

雛人形 
A set of hina-ningyō
(From Wikimedia Commons)

On the day, a set of hina-ningyo is displayed. There are various kinds of hina-ningyo and some of them are so gorgeous. The set is interited from generation to generation. The full set of hina-ningyo has two dolls (dairi-bina) described as the Emperor and the Empress or a prince and a princess consort, court ladies, musicians, ministers, servants, oxcart, furniture, bonbori (paper lantern) and so on. Hishi-mochi, a kind of sweet that is formed from three layers of pink, white and green rice cake is displayed also. They are usually displayed on a tiered-stage covered with red carpet. Though the day is not a national holiday, many people celebrate the day by eating a broth containing clams and chirashizushi, sushi rice in a box or bowl whose top is sprinkled by various ingredients. 

おひなさま 
Dairi-bina

Peach blossom is essential to celebrate the day. Peach is said to have medical property and was regarded as miraculous fruit in ancient China.  

[ 2019/03/04 00:45 ] Others | TB(-) | CM(0)

Setsubun and Risshun

Setsubun is the 3rd of February in Japan. And the following day is called Risshun, the first day of spring in the lunar calendar. In former times, Risshun was regarded as the first day of the year so Setsubun was regarded as the New Year's Eve. 

People believed that sceptres appeared in the turn of the season so there were and still are various ways of exorsising evil spirits. This custom was introduced to the Imperial Court in the eighth century, and then became popular. Grilled head of sardine and a twig of holly are widely used as protection from harm. And scattering beans is well-known. This is called mamemaki in Japanese and people scatter beans shouting "Oni wa soto, Fuku wa uchi (Out in the demon! In with the fortune!)". After scattering, each of them eats the beans equal to his or her age. Recently the beans for mamemaki is sold in plastic packs taking eating them after scattering in consideration. Some famous people are invited to shrines and temples to scatter the beans. Such beans are used for divination also.

In many regions, the food for Setsubun is prepared. Some people visit shrines and temples on the day.

This custom reminds me of Halloween in the Western world or Yule in Scandinavia. In fact, children visit other houses and shops to ask sweets in some areas of Mihara, Hiroshima. It is similar to "Tricks or Treats!" in Halloween. And those who visit shrines and temples wear the clothes that is different than usual to protect themselves from harm.

Not only Setsubun, there are some customs in Japan that are similar to those in the Western world also. Like Krampus of Europe, Namahage punishes bad children on the New Year's Eve in Akita region. 

飲み物-ホットウイスキー 
[ 2019/02/03 23:45 ] Others | TB(-) | CM(0)
プロフィール

aK

Author:aK
まず、一部の記事関連でレイアウトが崩れるようですので修復していますが、何かおかしな点があれば指摘していただけると幸いです。それから当ブログでは、相互リンクは受け付けておりませんので悪しからずご了承ください。

『西郷どん』復習の投稿をアップしている一方で、『鎌倉殿の13人』の感想も書いています。そしてパペットホームズの続編ですが、これも『鎌倉殿の13人』終了後に三谷氏にお願いしたいところです。

他にも国内外の文化や歴史、刑事ドラマについても、時々思い出したように書いています。ラグビー関連も週1またはそれ以上でアップしています。2019年、日本でのワールドカップで代表は見事ベスト8に進出し、2022年秋には強豪フランス代表、そしてイングランド代表との試合も予定されています。そして2023年は次のワールドカップ、今後さらに上を目指してほしいものです。

メールフォーム

名前:
メール:
件名:
本文:

TopNTagCloud