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パペットホームズ、大河ドラマなどの好きなテレビ番組やラグビーについて書いています。アフィリエイトはやっていません。/Welcome to my blog. I write about some Japanese TV programmes including NHK puppetry and Taiga Drama, Sherlock Holmes and rugby. I don't do affiliate marketing.
ベイカー寮221B/Baker House 221B TOP  >  Taiga Drama  >  Sego-don >  IWAKURA Tomomi

IWAKURA Tomomi

He was born as the second son of HOROKAWA Yasuchika, an aristocrat in Kyoto. He was not a typical aristocratic boy and had an unusual ability. He was adopted by another aristocrat IWAKURA Tomoyasu when he was 14 and then attended at the court. As his family was so poor, they provided gamblers have a party at a part of their residence to get the house cut (*). 

In 1854, he became a chamberlain of Emperor Kōmei. However, he opposed the shogunate and the signing the Treaty of Amity and Commerce between the United States and Japan. After the assassination of II Naosuke who signed the treaty,  he cooperated with the aristocrats who support Kōbu-gattai movement and encouraged the marriage of Princess Chikako (Kazu-no-miya) with TOKUGAWA Iemochi. However, radical royalism gained strength and he who supported the relationship of the Imperial court and the shogunate was expelled as one of the treacherous subjects by radical aristocrats. He was ordered to confine himself in his house by the emperor also. So he became to live in Iwakura Village.

He was not pardoned even after the Kinmon Incident (**). At that moment, samurais from some domains including SAIGŌ Kichinosuke visited and talked with him about overthrowing the shogunate. In 1866, the emperor passed away and was succeeded by Prince Mutsuhito (Emperor Meiji). After that he was pardoned and returned to political world. Though Tokugawa Yoshinobu had returned the government to the Imperial court already, he asked the Imperial court to proclaim the Restoration of the Imperial rule. Thus the new government was established.

西郷どん岩倉具視
Iwakura Tomomi (SHŌFUKUTEI Tsurube)

In 1868, the shogunate caused the Battle of Toba-Fushimi and then he agreed with fighting against Yoshinobu and the domains that supported him (Boshin War). Kangun, army of the new government defeated the domains and he finally led the new government. He also contributed to transfer the capital from Kyoto to Tokyo and inspected Europe ant the US to negotiate for treaty revision to break off unequal treaties. At that time he felt that it's necessary to lay a railway to develop industries.  

When he returned to Japan, he opposed Seikanron (***) advocated by SAIGŌ Kichinosuke (Takamori) so he was assaulted by a thug (****). And he tried to control the nobles as there was an opposition between aristocrats and former daimyos and their vassals but it ended in failure. Later the problem was solved by establishing the House of Peers (current Sangi-in, the House of Councilors or upper house*****).

Around 1880, he decided to establish a constitution and sent ITO Hirobumi to Europe. On the other hand, he dismissed ŌKUMA Shigenobu, a member of the government who was against him. However, he died of stomach cancer in 1882 It's before Hirobumi's return.

He was the first man in Japan who was given a state funeral.

In this series, he is a man who always begs money when the samurais visit him as a reward for working for them. On the other hand, he is fearless and make the arrangements for the new government after returning to political world. When the new age comes, he is in his element  but later he became to oppose Kichinosuke over Seikanron. 

(*) SANJŌ Sanetomi whose family rank was above that of him made picture cards of karuta (playing cards) as side job.
(**) Radical samurais were expelled from Kyoto after this but he who was expelled by radical people was not pardoned.
(***) The theory of pressing Korea to open the country. Tomomi refuses it as making an enemy of Korea means opposing its suzerain Qing Dynasty. However, unlike other members who supported Seikanron, Kichinosuke insisted that he attempted to become an ambassador and have a top-level conference instead of conquering the country.
(****) The thug was one of so-called fuhei shizoku, former samurais who were dissatisfied with the new government. As they supported Seikanron, they attacked Tomomi who abandoned it.
(*****) Because of this, the throne for the emperor is in Sangi-in only. So the opening ceremony of the National Diet is usually held in the house, not Shūgi-in (House of Representatives). 

西郷どん小判を受け取る岩倉具視
Tomomi (right) receives money from Ōkubo Ichizō

The images are from the official website of "Segodon".

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[ 2018/09/24 01:00 ] Taiga Drama Sego-don | TB(-) | CM(0)
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aK

Author:aK
まず、一部の記事関連でレイアウトが崩れるようですので修復していますが、何かおかしな点があれば指摘していただけると幸いです。それから当ブログでは、相互リンクは受け付けておりませんので悪しからずご了承ください。

実は『いだてん~東京オリムピック噺~』を観なくなったので、再び『西郷どん』復習の投稿をアップしています。関連文献もまた読もうかと考えていますし、BSで再放送中の『葵 徳川三代』の再放送も観ています。そしてパペットホームズの続編ですが、これは是非とも三谷氏にお願いしたいところです。

他にも国内外の文化や歴史、『相棒』をはじめとする刑事ドラマについても、時々思い出したように書いています。ラグビー関連も週1またはそれ以上でアップしています。2019年、いよいよ日本でのワールドカップの年です。今季は代表下部チームとの兼ね合いもあり、スーパーラグビーでは今一つでしたが、ワールドカップでのベスト8成るでしょうか。

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