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ベイカー寮221B/Baker House 221B TOP  >  Taiga Drama  >  Sego-don >  MATSUDAIRA Katamori

MATSUDAIRA Katamori

He was born in Takasu domain of Mino (eastern part of current Gifu) as the 6th son of MATSUDAIRA Yoshitatsu, lord of the domain. He was adopted by his uncle Matsudaira Katataka, lord of Aizu domain by getting engaged with his daughter Toshi hime in 1846.

In 1852, he succeeded his adopted father and four years later, he married with Toshi hime. But she dies in 1861 so Teru hime, his sister-in-law controlled ladies-in-waiting and maids in the castle. She once married with OKUDAIRA Masamoto, lord of Nakatsu domain in Buzen (eastern part of current Fukuoka and northern part of current Ōita) but was divorced.

As radical royalists was rampant in Kyoto at that time, he was asked to appoint to Kyoto Shugo-shoku, the position that maintained public order in the city by TOKUGAWA Yoshinobu and Matsudaira Shungaku. Though SAIGŌ Tanomo (*), chief vassal of the domain refused it as the domain got into financial trouble. However, he accepted it obeying the family precept that Aizu domain should be loyal to the shogunate. The precept was left by HOSHINA Masayuki, first lord of the domain.

西郷どん松平容保
Matsudaira Katamori (Shūji Kashiwabara)

Then he went to Kyoto and met Emperor Kōmei in December, 1862. He was one of the central figures of kōbu-gattai movement and exposed the crimes of radical samurais or assassins using Shinsengumi and Kyoto Mimawari-gumi. He guarded Tokugawa Iemochi when he visited Kyoto and helped expelling radical aristocrats from Kyoto in 1863. Thus he gained the confidence of Emperor Komei and was given his letter and poem. At the Kinmon Incident, he commanded his soldiers and Shinsengumi members though he felt sick.

On the other hand, Satuma and Chōshū formed the alliance secretly and the movement of overthrowing the shogunate grew. And Emperor Kōmei who trusted him passed away in December 1866 and he lost his support. On the 14th of November, Yoshinobu restored the government to the crown (Taisei Hōkan) and the position of Kyoto Shugo-shoku was abolished. He tried to persuade Yoshinobu who decided to comply with his enemy. But he was prohibited to enter Edo Castle so he returned to Aizu.

Then the Boshin War began. Some domains in Eastern Japan asked the new government to pardon Aizu domain but Kangun (army of the new government that obtained permission of the emperor) identified the domain as the Emperor's enemy and launched all-out attack against him and his people. While many domains in Eastern Japan were beaten by Kangun with latest style weapons and he surrendered to the army after a month of the battle to hold the castle.

He was pardoned through the good offices of MAEBARA Issei of Chōshū and KIRINO Toshiaki (NAKAMURA Hanjirō) of Satsuma and confined himself in the house in Tokyo. Then he had a son called Kataharu between his concubine Saku and became the lord of Tonami domain, new domain ruled by the Matsudaira clan. Later he was pardoned and became the priest of Nikkō Toshō-gū Shrine in 1880. On the 5th of December in 1893, he died of pneumonia in Tokyo at the age of 59.He is said that he always had a bamboo pipe containing the letter of Emperor Kōmei until his death. 

In this series, he is described as a daimyo and Kyoto Shugo-shoku who is loyal to Hitotsubashi (Tokugawa) Yoshinobu and asks him about how to deal with the radical samurais from Chōshū domain. And when Satsuma domain came to the fore after Taisei Hōkan, he often advises Yoshinobu about the movement of Satsuma to support him.

(*) He is said to have been a distant cousin of SAIGŌ Kichinosuke, who fought against his domain in the Boshin War. Toshiyuki Nishida who narrates "Segodon" plays the role of Tanomo in "Yae no Sakura" and acts Kichinosuke in "Tobu ga Gotoku".

西郷どん松平容保2
Katamori who tells Tokugawa Yoshinobu about the movement of Satsuma domain

The images are from the official website of "Segodon".

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[ 2018/09/23 00:30 ] Taiga Drama Sego-don | TB(-) | CM(0)
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